Installing Erlang With vfox (version fox)

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vfox (version fox) is a cross-platform, extensible version manager. It supports native Windows, and of course Unix-like! With it, you can quickly install and switch different environment.

Recently, I have wrote some plugins for vfox. The vfox-erlang plugin is one of them. I really like the plugin management mechanism of vfox (Based on Lua). You can use the vfox-erlang plugin to quickly manage mutiple Erlang/OTP version on your machine.

I have used a similar tool asdf before, but the previous experience of using asdf was not very good (I don’t mean to step on it~, the ASDF ecosystem is very strong), vfox now supports a lot of plugins, and can already manage the versions of most common mainstream languages.

vfox’s version management workflow is generally similar to asdf, but with a bit better performance (about 5x), since asdf is written in shell at its core. The official documentation also gives a benchmark, see 《Comparison with asdf-vm》

https://vfox.lhan.me/performence.png

vfox, like asdf, can be configured globally and project level tool version via the .tool-version configuration file, which means that if you switch from asdf to vfox, it’s quite convenient.

Using vfox-erlang

This article mainly describes how to use the vfox-erlang plugin to manage multiple Erlang/OTP versions on the same machine. It is also common to have multiple versions of Erlang/OTP for testing and comparison in the same development environment.

At present, the actual installation process of the vfox-erlang plug-in implementation is to compile and install Erlang/OTP from the GitHub source code, so for the time being, it only supports the installation and management of Erlang/OTP versions on Unix-like systems (such as ubuntu, macos darwin, etc.) (the windows exe installer is actually provided by the official site, but recently I haven’t had enough time to perfect the plug-in implementation, and the scenarios of using Erlang in windows are generally relatively few).

Erlang is a programming language used to build massively scalable soft real-time systems with requirements on high availability. Some of its uses are in telecoms, banking, e-commerce, computer telephony and instant messaging. Erlang’s runtime system has built-in support for concurrency, distribution and fault tolerance.
OTP is set of Erlang libraries and design principles providing middle-ware to develop these systems. It includes its own distributed database, applications to interface towards other languages, debugging and release handling tools.
from site: https://www.erlang.org/

Install the vfox and vfox-erlang plugin

Before using vfox-erlang to manage Erlang/OTP versions, please make sure that you have installed vfox on your machine, you can refer to the official Quick Start documentation, this article takes Ubuntu 20.04 as an example.

# install vfox via apt
echo "deb [trusted=yes] https://apt.fury.io/versionfox/ /" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/versionfox.list
sudo apt-get update -y
sudo apt-get install vfox -y

# Hook vfox to your Shell, let vfox found the Erlang/OTP version
echo 'eval "$(vfox activate bash)"' >> ~/.bashrc

# add vfox-erlang plugin, plugin is generally installed in the ~/.version-fox/plugin/erlang directory
vfox add erlang

Install the specified version of Erlang/OTP via plugin

Since Erlang/OTP is compiled and installed from source, we need to have the corresponding build toolchain and dependent software, here is an example of Ubuntu 20.04:

# install require utils
sudo apt-get -y install build-essential autoconf m4 libncurses5-dev libwxgtk3.0-gtk3-dev libwxgtk-webview3.0-gtk3-dev libgl1-mesa-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libpng-dev libssh-dev unixodbc-dev xsltproc fop libxml2-utils libncurses-dev openjdk-11-jdk

and then we can then manage the installation of multiple Erlang/OTP versions via vfox.

# search a avaliable Erlang/OTP version to install
❯ vfox search erlang
Please select a version of erlang [type to search]: 
->  v25.3.2.5
   v24.0-rc3
   v24.3
   v23.3.4.18
   v24.0.6
   v24.3.2
   v25.3
   v24.1.4
   v26.0.2
# or you can also specific version
> vfox install erlang@26.2.2
...
Install erlang@26.2.2 success! 
Please use vfox use erlang@26.2.2 to use it.

When you see something like Install erlang@xxx success! information. It mean the the installation is complete. Next, you can use the vfox use command to switch Erlang/OTP version, so that the current shell session can use the corresponding Erlang/OTP version.

# use the specific Erlang/OTP version
vfox use erlang@26.2.2

vfox use demo

vfox provides three perspectives of version management: current shell session level, project level, global level, through a .tool-versions can flexibly assign different Erlang/OTP versions to different project directories, More information can be found in the official documentation: vfox-Switch runtime

The usage examples in this article are mainly based on Linux systems, but the user documentation of vfox-erlang also gives the user guide install-in-darwin-macos-13 under MacOS Darwin, and provides continuous integration testing under Linux and MacOS for reference: vfox-erlang E2E testing. vfox-erlang E2E testing.

e2e testing

Happy and funny~

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2024.05.12 support manage Erlang/OTP version in Windows! https://github.com/version-fox/vfox-erlang?tab=readme-ov-file#install-erlangotp-in-windows-platform